Topic Guide: International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Topic 1: Universal Aviation Tracking System
Everyday, roughly 100,000 flights take off and land around the world in a largely safe, uniform, and efficient manner. Since its creation in 1944 under the Convention of International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has been working with its 191 member states to develop international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). SARPs are then used as references by member states in developing legally enforceable standardized regulation codes for the global civil aviation industry.
To this day, aircraft are tracked primarily by radar with standard satellite pings reporting back every hour. Unfortunately, this outdated system has been rendered useless in air disaster cases such as the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370). The disappearance of commercial aircraft like MH370 and Air France Flight 447 have cost hundreds of millions of dollars in searches by sea and air. Private satellite companies like the British Inmarsat have tested systems which allow satellite tracking every 15 minutes or less, albeit with a several million dollar price tag for airlines. As delegates to the ICAO, it is your task to debate and outline a new SARP that would consider the implementation of a Universal Aviation Tracking System via satellite technology. It is the responsibility of delegates to balance the necessity of such a system with its costs and to outline the procedure of incorporating a Universal Aviation Tracking System into the global air navigation network.
Topic 2: Global Aviation Security
Developing SARPs to prevent unlawful interference with civil aviation is amongst the most important goals and roles of the ICAO. Even the most thorough standards of screening, such as those conducted by the US Transportation Security Administration (TSA), have been reported to fail 95% of the time in detecting explosives and weapons when government agents attempted to smuggle them through TSA scanners. Global aviation security not only includes counterterrorism activities but also covers the smuggling of contraband and border security. Delegates are expected to develop SARPs which address revisions and improvements to counterterrorism operations, detection of contraband, and facilitation of border security within the field of civil aviation transportation.
For questions or concerns regarding the committee, topics, or position paper, Comyar can be reached at email@example.com.